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Retina and Vitreous

Retina is a light sensitive layer of the retina where image formation takes place and is carried over to the brain. Disease of the retina are varied and require appropriate and timely screening and treatment.

  • 1. Diabetic retinopathy –Diabetes affects the retina in the form of diabetic retinopathy.Every diabetic patient needs to be screened at regular intervals for diabetic retinopathy.

  • 2. Hypertensive retinopathy-Hypertension affects the retina causing hypertensive retinopathy.Advanced stages of the disease may lead to papilloedema.
  • 3. Retinopathy of prematurity-All preterm infants should be screened for retinopathy of prematurity.This entity may affect preterm infants as the retina may be ill developed because of prematurity or because of oxygen exposure.Routine screening and timely intervention may prevent blindness.
  • 4. Venous occlusions
  • 5. Anaemic retinopathy-Severe anaemia or decreased haemoglobin may lead to haemorrhages in the retina.
  • 6. Retinal detachment-It can occur in high myopes because of weakness in retina (lattice degeneration),Traumatic detachment or tractional detachment.Treatment is surgical.